From IndieWeb

IndieAuth is a way for doing Web sign-in, where you use your own homepage to sign in to other places.

IndieAuth was build on ideas and technology from existing proven technologies like OAuth and OpenID but aims at making it easier for users as well as developers. It also decentralises much of the process so completely separate implementations and services can be used for each part.


IndieAuth is part of taking back control of your online identity. Instead of logging in to websites as “you on Twitter” or “you on Facebook”, you should be able to log in as just “you”. We should not be relying on silos to provide our authenticated identities, we should be able to use our own personal domains to log in to sites everywhere.

You can use it right now to log in to this wiki and contribute to the community, including doing common things like:

IndieAuth is also used by many Micropub clients, so you can use your own website to log in to the tools you use to post content.

How To

Set up using is a service that allows you to sign in as your site by using your social media profiles. Your homepage and social media profiles need to link to each other for verification. Instead of registering for an account at, it uses your existing social media accounts to verify you own the URL you're signing in as.

  1. Add rel-me links to your homepage for various ways to reach you,
    e.g. <a href="" rel="me">Twitter</a>.
  2. Make sure any social media profiles you linked to have a link back to your homepage.
  3. Finally, include <link rel="authorization_endpoint" href=""> on your homepage.

You are done. Try to <public>log in to the wiki</public><private>log out from the wiki and log in again</private>.

How It Works

Basic flow with a User signing in to a (web)App

  1. The User fills in his/her personal URL This is called Web sign-in.
  2. The App fetches the URL, looking for an Authorization Endpoint. For this, the user can use, but it can also be at their own domain. The App redirects the User to their AuthEndpoint.
  3. The User authenticates at their own Authorization Endpoint. uses RelMeAuth to authorize users, but if a user uses an Authentication Endpoint on his/her own site, it can be a password, e-mail link, or any other authentication the AuthEndpoint provides. They prove their identity to their AuthEndpoint, the App waits.
  4. The User gets a code from the AuthEndpoint, in the form of a redirect to the App. (With this, the User gives the code to the App.)
  5. The App checks the code with the AuthEndpoint, and if the code is valid and if the User’s identifier matches the identifier the AuthEndpoint gives, the login is completed, and the User can enter and use the app.

The Three Parts of IndieAuth

Discovery from the User’s Homepage

A user should only have to communicate their own homepage URL to the website they are trying to log in to. This is the core idea of Web sign-in. This means a developer should in their turn be able to find everything they need on that one user supplied URL.

IndieAuth defines two new rel values for this. A user can simply link to the endpoints they want to use from their homepage, add the correct rel value and be done.

An example would be to link to them in the <head> section of their HTML, like so:

   <link rel="authorization_endpoint" href="">
   <link rel="token_endpoint" href="">

Developers can use any way they want of finding these.

The Authorization Endpoint

The authorization endpoint is a page where applications can send users to and asking them to identify themselves. Because the user defines their own endpoint on their homepage, this can be part of their own website or a completely separate service. This is how the user provides proof they really operate the homepage URL they provided.

An application can also ask the user to grant it certain rights by requesting them through the authorization endpoint. A Micropub client might ask to be allowed create rights. The user can then either accept these or not when they have been redirected to their endpoint.

For developers the authorization endpoint also functions as a verification service. If they get a code from a user they can check its validity with the endpoint to make sure it was truly issued by the user.

Third Party Services

Self-Hostable Implementations

The Token Endpoint

The token endpoint is a service that creates access tokens for applications to store. This way a user can authorize a Micropub client to make posts without having to go through the authorization process every time.

Third Party Services

Self-Hostable Implementations

Supporting Sites and Clients

There are a growing number of web sites that you can log into using IndieAuth and gain additional functionality:

IndieWeb Examples

These people have linked their websites to IndieAuth endpoints and/or allow other people to login to their sites using IndieAuth.

Martijn van der Ven

Martijn van der Ven has an authorization-endpoint on as of 2017-06-30. Powered by selfauth.


This section is for issues with the IndieAuth protocol that are not specific to either authorization-endpoint or token-endpoint. Issues with how the protocol is presented, as well as security considerations can go here.

Should the specification make recommendations on HTTPS?

A token can be sent to an IndieAuth endpoint without HTTPS (the docs do not forbid this), such a request should be refused. In the case of an HTTPS redirect being in place for the domain the request should not be redirected to prevent DNS poisoning, MITM, and race-condition attacks.

Need Simple Copy Paste How To

The explanation in provides a list of three lengthy descriptions of what you need to setup IndieAuth, which was then subsequently criticized as "this is not a straightforward process" in the post:

Thus we need a a simple copy paste how to that is not three lengthy descriptions.

Any explanation of how to use IndieAuth needs to start with a 1-2 sentence summary. No more.

Compare with:

Explanations for IndieAuth need to be at least as simple to understand as those for Twitter Sign-in and Facebook Connect.

IndieAuth using form-encoded responses instead of JSON

IndieAuth uses standard form-encoding for requests and response because it has been a standard encoding format since the beginning of the web. If it were a JSON response, then 7 years down the road you'd be asking "why is the response in JSON instead of ____" where ____ is the next trendy thing that replaces JSON. (Remember when XML was the new hotness?)

Proposal for content negotiation: perpetual-tripper 02:26, 5 March 2015 (PST)

  • To me this would violate Postel's law, requiring every implementation to publish many different formats. I don't care which format IndieAuth produces, but I do think we should settle on one canonical format. 10:03, 5 March 2015 (PST)
  • Agreed that there should be only one format. The only valid argument for JSON is that the OAuth 2.0 spec defines the response as JSON. Aaron Parecki 10:06, 5 March 2015 (PST)
  • OK I withdraw my objection to content negotiation. Agree it is a relatively small burden on a relatively small number of providers; it's worth supporting multiple formats for convenience to the large number of consumers 12:06, 5 March 2015 (PST)
  • Just to be anti-inventing-new-formats (too many of them around and demanding attention), I'd go for form-encoded -- Kartik Prabhu 00:21 2015-03-06
  • I just never saw HTTP POST form encoded _responses_ anywhere, only POST url encoded form requests... Any link to other (REST) services that use this? e.g. XMLHttpRequest does not support form encoded responses at all... fkooman

Requesting additional user details

The auth consumers may want to receive additional information about a user, and not just their homepage URL. Andy Baio raised some points in regard to this in a backer-only Kickstarter post, Opening the Source and The Great Auth Debate, 2015-03-16, when deciding what authenticator to use for

  • Silos may give the application access to the user’s social graph: who their friends are, who they are following.
    • This would require some IndieWeb format for following.
    • This is great for applications like readers to start a user off.
  • Silos may give the application location information about the user.
    • This is great for applications like that want to show relevant events.
    • May be possible by parsing the homepage URL of the user for h-card or recent checkins.

To do

Talks and Demos


See Also