Green Computing is practice of using computers and their resources in environmentally responsible way. Community members may try to use renewable energy, recycled computers, owning rather than streaming media, and creating websites with smaller page loads .
Reduce website energy usage
Article(s) providing incremental tips for improving your website energy efficiency (and thus reducing its carbon footprint)
- 2018-09-24 How to Build a Low-tech Website? / Our new blog is designed to radically reduce the energy use associated with accessing our content.
- 2019-10-23 17 ways to make your website more energy efficient
- I'm in a catch-22, I could build the low-tech website server, but my isp needs me to have a business plan to host anything on my connection and I would still need a CDN.
- I have a group of projects in the pipeline that will create large amounts of data, that need to be processed and the pay-as-you-go for cloud computing resources sound very attractive. - tomasparks
- Jacky Alciné
- Uses a Call to Action on his website to encourage the consumption of less meat.
The ecosystems of the world are dying. Reduce your :pig::chicken: meat and :cow::goat: dairy intake to help the environment :seedling:
- Amy Guy
- only uses second hand computer parts and posts equipment needs from her website.
- 2019-12-10 WIRED: Amazon, Google, Microsoft: Here's Who Has the Greenest Cloud
- Estimate your web page carbon footprint: https://www.websitecarbon.com/
- While looking for a new website host check their Sustainability policy.
- Using a static_site_generator as most web hosts have better deals because they don't need to charge for databases.
- DIY solar/battery powered SBC How to Build a Low-tech Website?.
Cloud computing companies claim because they can optimize server utilization compared to on-premises computing, that they use less power. But critics like Greenpeace claim that they are still using dirty power 
Are static_sites the best option?
- External interactive contents (webmention.io, Bridgy and Disqus) reliant on third party host.
- A static_site_generator toolchain could defeat the whole reason for going static.
- Continuous website deployment without caching and/or differencing.
- Multiple static_site_generator build cycles in the toolchain.
- User:vincentp.me's mastr-cntrl
This section is a stub and needs review. Several of the answers seem suspect or without sufficient explanation/citations for their claims. Tantek Çelik 13:58, 27 May 2020 (PDT)
Q: What is the difference in carbon footprint between different CMS vs static site?
A: a CMS ( content management system) pages are created On-demand from a database, while a static site is pre-generated.
- one major disadvantage with CMS is it can get overload which can cause the server to crash because it becomes CPU bound/Memory bound.
- a static site is I/O bound which allows the site to host on anything including a Commodore 64, but don't expect large power savings by using old hardware.
Q: What is the difference in carbon footprint between playing local media and streaming media?
A: All of these places some responsibility on the listener, even if the steps they can take seem small. In an article for The Conversation published in January, Sharon George and Deirdre McKay outlined a few potentially greener methods of listening. They suggested buying a physical album may actually be more environmentally friendly if you plan to listen to it repeatedly, as 27 full streams would likely use more energy than it takes to produce and manufacture the same record. They also noted that downloading music from streaming services for offline listening could cut down on the energy it takes to get a song from the cloud to your ears - Is Streaming Music Dangerous to the Environment? One Researcher Is Sounding the Alarm
Q: How do you optimize images to reduce page weight?
When Progressive enhancement image formats become standard ( Progressive Graphics File / ICER/ Progressive texture map ) I would use them. As a stop-gap use the Responsive image tag - personal option tomasparks
Q: What is the energy difference between shared hosting and a home server?
A: I don't think we'll ever be able to answer this question because there are too many variables.
Q: What is the energy difference between distributed networks like BitTorrent, Freenet, IPFS, GnuNet?
- BitTorrent/webtorrent/Zeronet: the energy usage is the average of the nodes in the swam.
- Freenet: the Distributed data store energy usage is the average of the nodes in the swam. The data transfer is point to point, so there is no energy saving.
- IPFS: ???
- GnuNet: ???
Q: Location data can be energy-intensive? How do we optimize the collection of GPS data.
IndieWebCamp sessions related to green computing:
- Energy Efficiency across Programming Languages
- Web Neutral Project
- greenpeace #ClickClean
- Report:Page Weight
- Tales of Things
- 2019-12-18 The Atlantic: Can the Internet Survive Climate Change? / How a warming world is sparking calls for a greener web
Every website on the internet requires energy—and in a global economic system that’s mostly reliant on fossil fuel, that means more pollution.
js;dr links, these need to be re-evaluated if they're appropriate for this page or not: