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Apache is widely deployed open source web server software.


Summary (from serverfault thread):

  • Apache usually runs as the www-data, which will at the very least need read access to files
  • “Application” files (e.g. *.php) don’t need execute permissions as they’re not directly executed by the web server, they only need read permissions
  • Your user should own the files
  • The www-data user should own the group, which should have read and execute (why execute?) permissions
  • Any files or folders which will be changed by apache need to have write (+w) permissions for the group owner
  • Run umask XXX to set the default permissions for newly created files. umask 007 sets permissions to read+write for owner and group, no permissions for others, which is a sensible default

wikipedia has a clear explanation of the unix permissions shorthand.

See Also